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Dyclonine HCl | Mitochondrial function enhancer

Dyclonine HCl (536-43-6) is a topical anesthetic which has been used for oral and throat analgesia.1 Enhances neuronal mitochondrial function, potentiating respiration and providing protection against insults associated with neurodegenerative disorders.2 Inhibits aldehyde dehydrogenase ALDH3A1 resulting in accumulation of 4-hydroxynonenal, which renders head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells sensitive to the cystine-glutamate antiporter inhibitor, sulfasalazine.3 Rescues frataxin deficiency in animal models as well as in buccal cells of patients with Friedreich’s Ataxia.4 Enhances the cytotoxic effect of proteasome inhibitors MG-1325 and bortezomb6 in cancer cells.


1) Groeben et al. (2001), Airway anesthesia alone does not explain attenuation of histamine-induced bronchospasm by local anesthetics: a comparison of lidocaine, ropivacaine, and dyclonine; Anesthesiology., 94 423
2) Boglarka et al. (2020), High-Throughput Small Molecule Screen Identifies Modulators of Mitochondrial Function in Neurons; iScience, 23 100931
3) Okazaki et al. (2018), Synthetic lethality of the ALDH3A1 inhibitor dyclonine and xCT inhibitors in glutathione deficiency-resistant cancer cells; Oncotarget, 9 33832
4) Sahdeo et al. (2014), Dyclonine rescues frataxin deficiency in animal models and buccal cells of patients with Friedriech’s ataxia; Hum. Mol. Genet., 23 6848
5) Ju et al. (2009), Dyclonine and alverine citrate enhance the cytotoxic effects of proteasome inhibitor MG132 on breast cancer cells; J. Mol. Med., 23 205
6) Ju et al. (2014), Dyclonine enhances the cytotoxic effect of proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in multiple myeloma cells; Mol. Med. Rep., 10 2609

Focus Biomolecules cell signaling reagent supplier, chemical structure of Dyclonine | Mitochondrial function enhancer | CAS 950455-15-9

Catalog#  10-3895

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Catalog Number:
Mitochondrial function enhancer
Chemical Name:
4'-Butoxy-3-piperidinopropiophenone, hydrochloride
Molecular Weight:
Molecular Formula:
C18H27NO2 • HCl
Soluble in DMSO (up to 20 mg/ml) or in Water (up to 25 mg/l).
Physical Properties:
White solid
98% by HPLC
NMR (Conforms)
Storage Temperature:
Stable for 2 years as supplied. Solutions in DMSO or distilled Water may be stored at -20°C for up to 2 months.
Shipping Code:
Materials provided by Focus Biomolecules are for laboratory research use only and are not intended for human or veterinary applications.

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