AICAR (2627-69-2) activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Promotes ligand-independent activation of the insulin receptor.1 Promotes skeletal muscle autophagy via activation of FoxO3a.2 Controls smooth muscle cell hyperproliferation in vascular disease.3 Induces osteogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells.4 Inhibits proinflammatory response in glial cells.5 Cell permeable.
1) Chopra et al. (2012), Phosphorylation of the insulin receptor by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) promotes ligand-independent activation of the insulin signalling pathway in rodent muscle; Diabetologia, 55 783
2) Sanchez et al. (2012), AMPK promotes skeletal muscle autophagy through activation of forkhead FoxO3a and interaction with Ulk1; J. Cell Biochem., 113 695
3) Ferri et al. (2012), AMP-activated protein kinase and the control of smooth muscle cell hyperproliferation in vascular disease; Vascul. Pharmacol., 56 9
4) Wu et al. (2011) AICAR, a small chemical molecule, primes osteogenic differentiation of adult mesenchymal stem cells; Int. J. Artif. Organs, 34 1128
5) Giri et al. (2004) 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-4-ribofuranoside inhibits proinflammatory response in glial cells: a possible role of AMP-activated protein kinase; J. Neurosci., 24 479