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Clozapine-N-oxide | DREADD agonist

Clozapine-N-oxide (34233-69-7) is a clozapine metabolite1 which is pharmacologically inert2. Agonist at human muscarinic designer receptors known as DREADDs, (designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drug).2 May be used to control grafted human pluripotent stem cell-derived neurons engineered to express DREADDs.3,4  Numerous other applications.5,6


1) Eiermann et al. (1997), The involvement of CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 in the metabolism of clozapine; Br. J. Clin. Pharmacol., 44 439
2) Armbruster et al. (2007), Evolving the lock to fit the key to create a family of G protein-coupled receptors potently activated by an inert ligand; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104 5163
3) Chen et al. (2016), Chemical Control of Grafted Human PSC-Derived Neurons in a Mouse Model of Parkinson’s Disease; Cell Stem Cell, 18 817
4) Vazey and Aston-Jones (2014), Designer receptors: therapeutic adjuncts to cell replacement therapy in Parkinson’s disease: J. Clin. Invest., 124 2858
5) Gomez et al. (2017) Chemogenetics revealed: DREADD occupancy and activation via converted clozapine; Science 357 503
6) Marcinkiewcz et al. (2016) Serotonin engages an anxiety and fear-promoting circuit in the extended amygdala; Nature 537 97

Focus Biomolecules cell signaling reagent supplier, chemical structure Clozapine-N-oxide | DREADD agonist | CAS 34233-69-7

Catalog#  10-2578-0005

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Catalog Number:
DREADD agonist
Chemical Name:
Molecular Weight:
Molecular Formula:
Soluble in DMSO (up to 15 mg/ml), or Ethanol (up to 3 mg/ml)
Physical Properties:
Yellow solid
98% by TLC
NMR (Conforms)
Storage Temperature:
-20°C (des.)
Stable for 1 year as supplied. Solutions in DMSO or ethanol may be stored at -20°C for up to 3 months.
Shipping Code:
Materials provided by Focus Biomolecules are for laboratory research use only and are not intended for human or veterinary applications.

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