TEMPOL (2226-96-2) is a superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic. Displays protective effects in CNS1 kidney2 and radiation damage3. Inhibits superoxide anion-induced inflammatory pain in mice.4 Blunts diabetes-induced upregulation of NADPH oxidase and ER stress in a rat model of diabetic nephropathy.5 Cell permeable.
1) Lipman et al. (2006), Neuroprotective effects if the stable nitroxide compound Tempol in 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion-induced neurotoxicity in the Nerve Growth Factor-differentiated model of pheochromocytoma PC12 cells; Eur. J. Pharmacol., 549 50
2) Guron et al. (2006), Acute effects of the superoxide dismutase mimetic tempol on split kidney function in two-kidney one-clip hypertensive rats; J. Hypertens., 24 387
3) Samuni and Barenholz (1997), Gamma-irradiation damage to liposomes differing in composition and their protection by nitroxides; Free Radic. Biol. Med., 23 972
4) Bernardy et al. (2017), Tempol, a Superoxide Dismutase Mimetic Agent, Inhibits Superoxide Anion-Induced Inflammatory Pain in Mice; Biomed. Res. Int., 2017 9584819
5) De Blasio et al. (2017), The superoxide dismutase mimetic tempol blunts diabetes-induced upregulation of NADPH oxidase and endoplasmic reticulum stress in a rat model of diabetic nephropathy; Eur. J. Pharmacol., 807 12