Xanthohumol (6754-58-1) binds to the N-terminal domain of valosin-containing protein (VCP), an essential protein for autophagosome maturation. Xanthohumol inhibits the function of VCP thereby impairing autophagosome maturation and resulting in accumulation of the microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3-II (LC3-II)1. Impairs prostate cancer cell growth and proliferation2. Cell permeable.
1) Sasazawa et al. (2012), Xanthohumol impairs autophagosome maturation through direct inhibition of valosin-containing protein; ACS Chem. Biol., 7 892
2) Vene et al. (2012), Xanthohumol impairs prostate cancer cell growth and invasion and dimishes the incidence and progression of advanced tumors in TRAMP mice; Mol. Med., 18 1292